How to make a traditional italian carbonara?

Italian cuisine, renowned for its rich diversity and tantalizing flavors, offers a wide array of dishes that have won the hearts of food enthusiasts worldwide. Among the most popular is the classic pasta dish – carbonara. This traditional recipe, originating from Rome, has a remarkable blend of ingredients, from spaghetti to pecorino cheese to guanciale, all of which contribute to its unique, creamy taste.

In this article, you will get a step-by-step guide on how to make a traditional Italian carbonara. We will cover everything from the selection of ingredients to the exact cooking process.

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Choosing your ingredients

Choosing the right ingredients is crucial to the authenticity and taste of your carbonara. It starts with selecting the perfect pasta. While spaghetti is the most popular type for carbonara, you can also use other types like rigatoni or fettuccine.

Next up is the meat. The traditional recipe calls for the use of guanciale, a type of Italian cured meat made from pork cheek. However, if guanciale is hard to come by, you can substitute it with pancetta or bacon.

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The recipe also calls for eggs, pecorino cheese, and a generous pinch of pepper. The eggs and cheese combine to form the creamy sauce that carbonara is known for, while the pepper adds a hint of spice to balance the richness of the dish.

Preparing your ingredients

Once you’ve gathered all your ingredients, it’s time to prepare them for cooking. Start by slicing your guanciale, pancetta, or bacon into small, thin pieces. For the cheese, grate the pecorino until you have about a cup. The pepper can be freshly ground for the best flavor.

As for the eggs, the traditional recipe calls for the yolks only. However, some variations include a mix of whole eggs and yolks. Depending on your preference, separate the yolks and set them aside.

Cooking the pasta

Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Add a generous amount of salt to the boiling water before adding your pasta. Cook according to the package instructions until it is al dente.

While the pasta is cooking, you can start on the sauce.

Making the sauce

In a large pan, add your guanciale or substitute meat. Cook over medium heat until the fat has rendered and the meat is crispy. Remove the meat from the pan and set it aside, leaving the fat in the pan.

In a separate bowl, whisk the egg yolks and half of the pecorino cheese together until well combined. Add some freshly ground pepper to taste.

Once the pasta is cooked, do not drain it. Instead, using tongs, transfer the pasta directly from the pot to the pan with the rendered fat. Toss to coat the pasta in the fat.

Combining the pasta and the sauce

Turn off the heat under the pan. Add the whisked egg and cheese mixture to the pasta, and quickly toss everything together. The heat of the pasta will cook the egg slightly and melt the cheese, creating a creamy, glossy sauce.

If the sauce is too thick, add a bit of the pasta cooking water to thin it out. Add the cooked guanciale or meat back to the pan and toss again.

Serving the carbonara

To serve, divide the pasta between bowls. Sprinkle with the remaining pecorino cheese and more pepper. Italian carbonara is best served immediately, while the sauce is still creamy and warm.

Mastering the art of making a traditional Italian carbonara can take a few tries, but with the right ingredients and this guide, you will have a delicious and authentic dish to share with family and friends.

Technique Tips for Perfect Carbonara

Before embarking on your culinary journey, it’s important to highlight some technique tips that will contribute to a flawless pasta carbonara.

Firstly, pay attention to the pasta water, as it is more than just a cooking medium. This starchy water is a key element that lends creaminess to the carbonara sauce. So, when the recipe says do not drain the pasta, it means precisely that. It’s essential to directly transfer the pasta to the pan, not only to maintain its heat but also to have access to the pasta water if needed to adjust the consistency of the sauce.

Secondly, the role of the egg mixture is crucial. The heat of the spaghetti cooks the egg yolks to make a sauce that clings to every strand of pasta, giving it its distinctive richness. The trick here is to ensure your pan is not too hot when adding the egg mixture. If it’s too hot, the eggs will scramble instead of forming a silky sauce.

Lastly, the choice of cheese can make or break the dish. Pecorino Romano is the traditional choice, but Parmigiano Reggiano can be used as a substitute. Whether you choose Pecorino Romano or Parmigiano Reggiano, make sure it’s freshly grated to guarantee the smoothest sauce possible.


Creating a delicious, traditional Italian carbonara is an art that requires attention to detail, from selecting quality ingredients to mastering the essential techniques. Having a strong understanding of the role each ingredient plays and recognizing the importance of pasta water, the egg mixture, and selecting the right cheese can truly elevate your pasta carbonara.

This carbonara recipe, steeped in tradition, is a testament to the beauty of Italian cuisine – simple ingredients skillfully combined to create a dish that is so much more than the sum of its parts. So, whether you’re making spaghetti alla carbonara or using an alternative pasta like rigatoni or fettuccine, this guide will equip you with the knowledge to create a truly authentic carbonara.

While the cooking time minutes may seem minimal, remember: great cooking is about patience and precision. The joy of cooking comes from the process as much as the end result. So, take your time, enjoy each step, and before you know it, you’ll be savoring the flavors of your homemade traditional Italian carbonara.

Buon appetito!